Haeleum | Insect Repellent Clothing

Insect Shield FAQ

Insect Shield® Repellent Technology is a remarkable tool in the battle against bugs. Insect Shield apparel provides effective, built-in and odorless protection against mosquitoes, ticks, ants, flies, chiggers, and midges (no-see-ums) including those that can carry dangerous diseases such as West Nile virus and Lyme disease. Insect Shield Repellent Apparel is EPA-registered and has been tested and proven to last through 70 launderings - the expected lifetime of a garment.

As with any breakthrough technology, you are going to have questions. So, we’ve got some answers…

What is Insect Shield?
Insect Shield® products provide long-lasting, effective and convenient personal insect protection. The durable protection provided by Insect Shield apparel and gear is the result of years of research and testing. In July 2003, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency granted registration of Insect Shield Insect Repellent Apparel—the first-ever, EPA-registered insect-repellent clothing. The EPA has granted Insect Shield extended durability claims for its apparel registration, through 70 washings. Insect Shield apparel and gear products combine the patent-pending Insect Shield process with a proprietary formulation of the insect repellent permethrin—resulting in effective, odorless insect protection that lasts the expected lifetime of a garment.

Is Insect Shield EPA-registered?
Following many years of extensive product testing, Insect Shield for apparel and gear has been successfully registered by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

What does EPA registration mean?
The EPA registration process is designed to evaluate a proposed product to ensure it will not have adverse effects on people or the environment. Insect Shield products have been rigorously evaluated on multiple levels—the chemistry, the application process and the final consumer product. The end result? Insect Shield received the first-ever EPA registrations for insect-repellent clothing and gear.

Are warning labels required on Insect Shield products?
No. During the registration process, the EPA issues a consumer labeling rating for each product. Insect Shield has been rated a category IV product by the EPA—which is the most favorable rating possible. No warning labels are required on category IV products.

Can Insect Shield repellent apparel and gear be worn by children, infants and pregnant women?
Yes. Use of Insect Shield products by children of all ages, and pregnant women, is consistent with the EPA registrations of both Insect Shield apparel and gear. 

Which insects does Insect Shield repel?
Insect Shield® Repellent Apparel has been proven and registered to repel mosquitoes, ticks, ants, flies, chiggers, and midges (no-see-ums). The EPA requires extensive effectiveness data to prove a product's ability to repel insects. Many species and varieties of these insects have been tested, including many that can carry dangerous diseases.

How much protection is provided by Insect Shield repellent apparel?
A small item of Insect Shield clothing provides less repellency than a larger one. You may need to adjust the amount of Insect Shield apparel you wear, depending on the number of biting insects that are present. Topical repellent can be used for exposed skin, and is especially recommended for heavily infested locations.

Does the product have an odor?
No. Insect Shield protection is invisible, odorless and colorless, and does not change the feel of the garment.

What are the benefits of Insect Shield vs. other forms of insect protection?
Insect Shield apparel puts insect repellency near your skin, instead of on it, and the protection is odorless and invisible. Also, the repellency is long lasting, so no re-application is needed, which is convenient, and can help alleviate concerns about overuse and misuse of repellent.

Is Insect Shield Responsible Insect Protection?
The patent-pending Insect Shield process is designed to prevent loss of active ingredient outside the system, and once applied, Insect Shield repellency is so tightly bound to fabric fibers that garments retain effective repellency through 70 launderings. Compare this to insect-control methods that require fogging or spraying, and traditional topical repellents that last just a matter of hours and readily wash off in water.

How do you care for Insect Shield apparel?
Normal home laundering is recommended. Insect Shield repellent apparel can be bleached, starched, pressed, etc., without effect on the repellent quality; however, it should not be dry-cleaned.

Why can't the products be dry-cleaned?
Dry cleaning removes some of the active ingredient—which reduces the insect repellent quality of the apparel.

Who recommends permethrin-treated apparel?
The following international agencies recommend insect-repellent apparel:
          ♦ The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), www.cdc.gov/travel
          ♦ The World Health Organization (WHO), www.who.int
          ♦ The American Academy of Family Physicians, http://www.familydoctor.org
          ♦ The Public Health Agency of Canada, http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/www.phac-aspc.gc.ca

Insect Shield represents a promising new approach to the longstanding problem of protection against both insects and the diseases they can carry. All of the above agencies actively encourage at-risk individuals to use permethrin-treated clothing as a protective measure against insect-borne diseases. 

Why does the Insect Shield label say “dispose of in trash after use?” 
This indicates that Insect Shield products can be simply deposited in the trash and require no special disposal process. In the case of Insect Shield-treated apparel, the “after use” can last for years in the used clothing market since many people donate their clothing. Eventually, the repellency becomes exhausted through wearing and laundering.

Do Insect Shield products require special storage?
No. And the repellency has a long shelf life. Insect Shield-treated garments stored for ten years have shown no loss of repellent effectiveness.

What is permethrin?
Permethrin has been successfully used in the United States as an EPA-registered product since 1977, with an excellent safety record. Permethrin is used in lice shampoos for children, flea dips for dogs, and various other products, some of which are regulated by the FDA. 

 The Insect Shield process uses a proprietary formulation of permethrin in a patent-pending system, and the resulting repellency is so tightly bound to the fabric fibers of each garment that it lasts through 70 launderings.

 The patent-pending process designed by our researchers specifically for creating Insect Shield products and the proprietary formulation that is used are quite different from permethrin-based technologies employed in other industries.